Managing the behaviour of students with Special Educational Needs (SEN) can be challenging, but it is an essential part of ensuring that they can access education on an equal footing with their peers. Here are some strategies that teachers and parents can use to manage SEN behaviour:
- Understand the Cause of Behaviour: It is crucial to understand the cause of the student’s behaviour. Behaviour can be a way of communicating their needs, and it is essential to address the underlying issues. For example, if the student is disruptive in class, they may be struggling to understand the lesson or feel overwhelmed.
- Set Clear Expectations: Setting clear expectations for behaviour can help to establish a positive learning environment. Discuss the expectations with the student, and make sure they understand what is expected of them. Positive reinforcement can be used to reward good behaviour and motivate the student to comply with the expectations.
- Use Visual Cues: Visual cues can be a powerful tool for managing the behaviour of students with SEN. Use visual schedules, timers, and other visual aids to help the student understand what is expected of them and the consequences of their behaviour.
- Positive Reinforcement: Positive reinforcement can be used to reinforce good behaviour and motivate the student to continue behaving in a positive way. Use rewards that are meaningful to the student, such as access to a preferred activity or extra free time.
- Behaviour Support Plan: A behaviour support plan can be developed to help manage the behaviour of students with SEN. This plan should identify the student’s triggers and outline strategies for managing their behaviour. The plan should be reviewed regularly to ensure that it remains effective.
- Consistency: Consistency is essential when managing the behaviour of students with SEN. Ensure that expectations, consequences, and rewards are consistent across all settings, including home and school. This will help to establish a routine and reinforce positive behaviour.
- Collaborate with Parents: Collaboration with parents is essential when managing the behaviour of students with SEN. Discuss the student’s behaviour and work together to identify effective strategies. Consistency between home and school is crucial for managing behaviour effectively.
In conclusion, managing the behaviour of students with SEN requires a personalised approach that takes into account the individual needs of the student. Understanding the cause of behaviour, setting clear expectations, using visual cues, positive reinforcement, behaviour support plans, consistency, and collaboration with parents are all effective strategies for managing SEN behaviour. By implementing these strategies, teachers and parents can create a positive learning environment that supports the needs of students with SEN.